Мастер-класс Делаем схему для вышивки из любой картинки, используя Photoshop

Делаем схему для вышивки из любой картинки, используя Photoshop

Сегодня хочу рассказать, как превратить картинку или фотографию в схему для вышивки (крестом или бисером) с помощью программы Photoshop.

Открываем выбранное изображение в программе Photoshop. У меня версия CS4.

Если у вас другая версия, то возможны некоторые отличия в расположении пунктов меню.

В преддверии Нового Года я выбрала вот такую елочку 🙂

Если есть желание, можно немного подкорректировать изображение. Самое приятное, что ювелирная точность здесь не важна, это не скажется на нашей схеме. Я с помощью “заливки” изменила цвет неба на красивый синий.

Далее заходим в меню Image > Mode > Indexed Color (на картинке слева).

В открывшемся окне (на картинке справа) в поле Colors устанавливаем наименьшее значение, при котором качество изображения вас устраивает. Обратите внимание, чтобы стояла галочка Preview, чтобы сразу видеть происходящие с картинкой изменения.

Теперь переходим в меню Image > Image Size.

Если необходимо, можете поменять значения ширины/высоты. В данном случае меня размер будущей вышивки 5,87*8,38 см устраивает.

В поле Resolution выбираем единицу измерения pixels/cm и устанавливаем число, соотвествующее количеству крестиков в 1 см. В моем случае канва для вышивки с размером клеточки 2*2 мм, поэтому в 1 см поместятся 5 крестиков.

Полученную в результате схему масштабируем до удобного размера.

Далее заходим в меню Image > Mode > Color Table и будем работать с цветами.

В открывшемся окне мы видим всю палитру цветов, представленную на картинке (+белый/черный в зависимости от установок).

Здесь мы можем изменять палитру изображения в зависимости от имеющихся цветов ниток для вышивания.

Например, у меня есть нитки синего, светло- и темно-зеленого, белого и коричневого цветов. И мне бы не хотелось искать где-то дополнительные цвета.

Поэтому я выделяю левой клавишей мыши все оттенки синего в палитре (а их получилось целых 6!) и заменяю их одним цветом.

Помимо открывающейся палитры, эту замену можно выполнить при (клик + Alt) любым красящим инструментом (заливка, кисть…) на нужной точке изображения.

Проделываем то же самое с остальными цветами до получения того количества цветов и оттенков, с которым вы готовы работать. На фото то, что получилось у меня.

Далее при желании инструментом «карандаш» дорабатываем изображение.

Я подкорректировала ствол и добавила темно-зеленого цвета.

А потом пошел снег (как сегодня на улице!) и ёлочка принарядилась в белое 🙂

Наша схема готова, осталось оформление.

Сделаем место для палитры. Для этого увеличиваем изображение кадрированием. Обратите внимание, чтобы цвет фона присутствовал в нашей палитре, но при этом нигде не сливался с изображением. Я выбрала контрастный черный.

Теперь на этой полоске рисуем «карандашом» цветовые квадратики. (не забывайте для взятия цвета использовать «пипетку» — клик с клавишей Alt).

Вот, что у нас получилось!

Теперь для удобства добавим разметку. Заходим Preferences > Guides, Grid… и настраиваем сетку (Grid).

В открывшемся окне устанавливаем частоту линий разметки (я установила линию через каждые 5 пикселей) и количество промежуточных делений (пунктиром между сплошными линиями).

Также здесь можно выбрать цвет разметки (контрастирующий с изображением, чтобы было видно линии). В данном случае черный цвет меня устраивает.

Заходим в меню View > Show и включаем нашу сетку Grid

Получилось вот так!

Делаем снимок экрана и открываем полученное изображение в фотошопе. Кадрируем.

Сохраняем наш готовый файл и любуемся результатом!

Теперь можно распечатать на цветном принтере и приступить к вышивке!

Вот еще несколько моих схем, созданных таким же методом.

Примечание: при больших размерах вышивки, когда принтскрин неудобен, возможен другой вариант. После создания окончательной картинки увеличить ее размер и создать и наложить сетку отдельным слоем.

Спасибо за внимание!
Всем отличного настроения!

What’s the Best Adobe Photoshop Software For You

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If you are serious about your photography, you should learn how to edit your photos.

There are a few Photoshop versions out there, so it might be difficult to pick the right one.

In this article, I’ll go over the best options so you can start editing your photos with the right software. But first…

What Kind of Photographer Are You?

To find out which of the Photoshop versions is right for you, there are a few questions you need to ask yourself.

Am I a hobby photographer or an aspiring professional? Do I have time to learn a difficult and extensive software program? How much money am I willing to spend?

Do I want to add graphic design to my photography or heavily manipulate my photos?

Each version of Photoshop or Lightroom has different possibilities. They are developed for different kinds of photographers.

Make sure you know what you want to do with your photography and editing. Then, start thinking about downloading any of these Lightroom or Photoshop versions.

Which of the Photoshop Versions Is Best for You?

So, you know what you want to do with your photography? Here are different options:

1. Adobe Photoshop Elements

Let’s start with the most basic and simple version of Photoshop but don’t be fooled by the name.

Adobe Photoshop Elements is developed for both beginner and advanced photographers.

It allows you to edit your photos easily. Besides that, it also offers more advanced Photoshop tools.

The Best Photoshop Version for Beginners

A great feature for beginners is the Guided Edits mode. Guided Edits provide step-by-step instructions for the most common edits. They include Rotate and Straighten, Replace Background, and Photomerge Panorama. But also several colour corrections, and a lot more.

Photoshop Elements also has Quick Edit. This mode features the most commonly used tools, such as red-eye removal, crop, add text, or apply frames.

On top of that, you can apply Smart Fix, filters, exposure or color adjustments, or sharpen your image.

These features definitely make Photoshop Elements the best version for beginner photographers. You can explore the possibilities without reading difficult books and manuals.

It’s also a good starting point if you want to step up to Photoshop CC later.

Expert Mode

Advanced photographers don’t have to worry, though. The Expert mode looks very similar to Photoshop. You can use layers, masks, paint brushes, healing brushes, and a lot of other advanced editing tools.

There’s one important difference between Photoshop CC and Elements. Photoshop Elements has far fewer features and functions than Photoshop CC. Also, the tools that are included have less options and functions.

For example, the Camera RAW editing module is pretty basic. It lacks lens corrections and tone-curve editing.

For most beginner and advanced hobby photographers, Photoshop Elements is a perfect choice.

2. Adobe Photoshop CC

If you want more control over your photo editing, then you need Photoshop CC. It’s the most extensive and advanced photo editing software. Photoshop CC is not developed for photographers only.

All kinds of digital artists use it. You can edit your photos and heavily manipulate them. You can also explore illustration and graphic design.

Photoshop CC allows you to work with 3D objects and a professional color management system. It also supports CMYK images and Photoshop Elements does not.

Definitely something to consider if you want to print artwork and not just photos.

The downside is that Photoshop CC has a steep learning curve. As a beginner, you won’t know where to start because there are so many tools and functions.

If you want to use Photoshop CC and not one of the other Photoshop versions, you need to know at least the basics of photo editing.

I suggest only using Photoshop CC if you’re willing to enroll in a course. Besides that, you also need to read a lot about photo editing.

3. Lightroom Classic

You don’t want to explore illustration and graphic design but still need professional photo editing software? Then Lightroom Classic might be perfect for you.

It has everything an advanced or professional photographer needs. The only thing you can’t do is heavily manipulate photos.

Lightroom Classic is basically the equivalent of a darkroom. It allows you to edit exposure, focus, color, tone, and overall composition. All edits are nondestructive which means you’ll keep the original image data at all times.

Lightroom also applies all its edits to a RAW file before a photo is converted. This results in better and more precise image quality.

Lightroom Classic is developed with only photographers is mind. You can use masks and brushes to edit only certain areas of your photo. It also includes modules for creating a photo book, a slideshow, and a web gallery. The print module can create contact sheets and custom picture packages.

Lightroom Classic has everything a photographer needs. It’s the best pick if you want to edit photos professionally with great results.

4. Lightroom CC

Lightroom CC is more streamlined and less comprehensive than Lightroom Classic. The advantage of this version is that you can access its editing tools from almost any device.

Use it with Android and iOS phones and tablets.

Photoshop or Lightroom?

It’s a question that pops up a lot of times when talking about different Photoshop versions. I think there’s a very simple answer, though.

Use Photoshop if you want to do more than just editing photos. This includes illustration, 3D objects, and heavy photo manipulation. Photoshop is developed with digital artists in mind and not just photographers.

It has a very steep learning curve because of that. On top of that, most photographers won’t even use 90% of its possibilities.

Pick Lightroom if you’re a photographer and want the best photo editing software out there. It doesn’t have all the unnecessary functions photographers won’t use anyway.

If you’re looking for a digital darkroom, go for Lightroom. Most professional photographers use Lightroom so you can’t go wrong with it.

Conclusion

There’s a perfect software for every kind of photographer. First, find out what kind of photographer you are and what the purpose of your photography is.

Most beginners will do fine with Photoshop Elements. Advanced and aspiring professionals should pick Lightroom.

Only go for Photoshop CC if you want to explore all the possibilities in the world of digital art. It will offer you the most advanced editing experience but it comes with a price.

You have to be willing to tackle the steep learning curve and read a lot of tutorials. The possibilities are endless.

Photoshop Versus Lightroom: Which is Best for Beginners?

If you’re new to photography, you’re likely wondering how to post-process or edit your photos. There is a wide selection of photo editing software to choose from, but the two that you probably hear debated the most are Adobe Photoshop versus Lightroom. So what are the main differences and which program is best for beginners and for you? Read on for a basic overview!

A Quick Note

While going through this article, please keep three points in mind:

  1. This is not meant to be a thorough comparison review of the two programs. There are endless features to compare between Photoshop and Lightroom, but this article is meant to give beginning photographers a point of reference as to which program to start with first.
  2. Ever since the Creative Cloud rolled out, Photoshop and Lightroom are constantly being updated with new tools and features. So depending on which version of the programs you are using, some of the tools and features mentioned below may or may not be present in your version of Photoshop or Lightroom.
  3. There are many other comparisons written several years ago that aren’t up to date don’t reflect the new features and changes in Photoshop and Lightroom. So if you read other comparison articles (including this one), be sure to double check when they were published and if they have been updated. For reference, I have Lightroom CC 2022.10 and Photoshop CC 2022.0.1

What is Adobe Photoshop?

What the photo editing layout typically looks like in Photoshop.

Photoshop is a name that has become synonymous with photo editing. Today, thanks to its extensive functionality, Photoshop is used by not only photographers, but also by graphic designers, web designers, architects, and publishers.

Photoshop is also a pixel-based image editor, giving you ultimate control of every single pixel that makes up your digital photograph. This means you have limitless options when it comes to manipulating your photos. Want to stitch your friend’s head to a frog’s body or swap out gray skies for sunny skies? These are instances when you would turn to Photoshop.

What is Adobe Lightroom?

If you take a look at the main Photoshop interface for the first time, you’re likely to feel overwhelmed. There is a seemingly endless array of tools and options to choose from, and it’s hard to know where to start. This is because Photoshop contains features not only for photographers but also for designers and those of other creative skillsets. So when it comes to easily finding the photo editing tools you need, this is where Lightroom typically excels, especially for those new to photo editing.

Lightroom takes many of Photoshop’s features that are specific to photographers and puts them in an easy-to-find panel. Previous versions of Lightroom lacked extensive editing tools, but today, Lightroom contains many of the main image manipulation tools you need to process your photos.

Another benefit to using Lightroom is that it is also a fantastic image management software. You can use it to import, organize, manage, and edit your photos. In essence, Lightroom is your all-in-one photo management and editing tool. On the other hand, if you want to manage and organize your images with Photoshop, you must use the accompanying software called Adobe Bridge (which automatically comes with Photoshop).

What you’ll typically see in Lightroom after you import some photos.

Lightroom versus Photoshop?

Not long ago, you had to purchase Photoshop or Lightroom individually, and it was truly a challenge to figure out which was a more worthwhile investment. Today, you now get access to both programs if you purchase a subscription to Adobe Creative Cloud. For around $10 a month, you can purchase the Photography Creative Cloud package, which gives you access to both Lightroom and Photoshop (with Bridge). If you need other Adobe software such as Illustrator, InDesign or Premiere Pro, you can upgrade to the $50 per month Creative Cloud subscription.

However, the average photographer will be just fine with the simple plan that includes Lightroom and Photoshop. So from a financial perspective, it’s a no-brainer to get both photo editing programs. But in practice, here are some rules of thumb when deciding whether to use Lightroom or Photoshop.

Use Lightroom if…

You are brand new to photo editing

Most beginning photographers will probably prefer the layout of Lightroom. It presents all of your main editing tools in an easy-to-find column, and it is pretty intuitive to figure out. In Photoshop, you have to do a little more customization to set up your workstation exactly how you want; this leads to more flexibility, meaning you can further customize what tools you choose to appear. However, this can be confusing for beginning photographers.

For comparison: Lightroom automatically presents your basic photo editing tools in a column.

On the other hand, you have to customize which photo editing tools appear in your Photoshop work area.

You want to batch process multiple images

If you have a bunch of photos that you want to batch process, it is much easier to do in Lightroom using presets and its smooth workflow. Batch processing can still be done in Photoshop using Actions, but Lightroom is arguably more straightforward.

You value a smooth, straightforward workflow

When it comes to workflow, Lightroom is arguably much better than Photoshop. Using Lightroom, you can easily create image collections, keyword images, share images directly to social media, batch process, and more.

In Lightroom, you can both organize your photo library and edit photos.

If you want to organize or manage your photo library with Photoshop, you must use another program called Adobe Bridge.

Use Photoshop if…

You can’t do it in Lightroom

This is the easy answer since Lightroom will truly meet the photo editing needs of most beginning photographers. With that said, there are a few instances in particular when Photoshop will outperform Lightroom.

Advanced Retouching

While the latest versions of Lightroom do include some basic retouching tools for patching and removing blemishes, you can do much more in Photoshop. Want to make a person look thinner, whiten teeth, and remove small objects? While you can do this in Lightroom, Photoshop’s retouching tools are much more powerful. It might take some extra time to figure out where these tools are within Photoshop and how to use them, but you’ll be able to enhance your photos much more than in Lightroom.

Compositing

Do you want to combine the elements of multiple images into a single one? This is termed as compositing, and you will want to use Photoshop to combine and further manipulate images.

In Conclusion

If you are a beginning photographer looking for a relatively intuitive photo editing software, Lightroom is generally best, to begin with. You can always add Photoshop to the mix later, if and when you’re in need of advanced photo manipulation techniques.

What do you think? In the Photoshop Versus Lightroom debate, which is best for beginners? Why? Let us know in the comments below.

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